Prophy (Dental cleaning)
This is professionally defined as a procedure that includes scaling and polishing procedures to remove coronal plaque, calculus and stains deposits that are coronal only (which rarely exist) and is a scaling and polishing procedure for patients in a healthy oral state. Professional polishing removes plaque, tartar, and stain from the teeth. It is a cosmetic procedure that removes surface stains on the crown part of the tooth or above the gumline so they will look and feel cleaner!
Prophy-Jet is an air-polishing prophylaxis system that uses air, water, and sodium bicarbonate (ProphyJet) or nonsodium (JET Fresh) powder as a slurry to remove extrinsic stain, dental plaque, and soft debris while simultaneously polishing tooth surfaces. It is recommended to clean tooth surfaces prior to bonding procedures and placement of dental sealants and is effective for patients wearing orthodontic appliances.
Ultrasonic cleaning is a great way to get a deep cleaning of your teeth and gums. The ultrasonic vibrations help vibrate plaque, and other debris away from your gum line. They are also strong enough to remove hard calculus and stains, but gentle enough not to harm the inner lining of your mouth. During this process, a device called an ultrasonic scaler is used to control the vibrations created by the ultrasonic machine. When the tip of the ultrasonic scaler is placed near hard calculus, the ultrasonic vibrations breaks down and removes the hard calculus build up without having to scrape the teeth.
Dental amalgam is one type of dental filling material used to repair tooth structure that has been destroyed by decay and to restore the biting surfaces of a decayed tooth. Other materials, based on acrylics, are also used for dental fillings.
Dental Composite resins
Dental composite resins are types of synthetic resins which are used in dentistry as restorative material or adhesives. Synthetic resins evolved as restorative materials since they were insoluble, aesthetic, insensitive to dehydration, easy to manipulate and reasonably inexpensive. Unlike amalgam which essentially just fills a hole and requires retention features to hold the filling, composite cavity restorations when used with dentin and enamel bonding techniques restore the tooth back to near its original physical integrity.
A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are routinely performed, as are extractions of some permanent teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.
A crown is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. Crowns are often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of a tooth. They are typically bonded to the tooth using a dental cement. Crowns can be made from many materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods. Crowns are often used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth.
Endodontic Therapy (Root Canal Therapy)
Endodontic therapy is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. This set of procedures is commonly referred to as a “root canal.” Root canals and their associated pulp chamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities. Endodontic therapy involves the removal of these structures, the subsequent cleaning, shaping, and decontamination of the hollows with tiny files and irrigating solutions, and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals with an inert filling such as gutta percha and typically a eugenol-based cement. After endodontic surgery the tooth will be “dead,” and if an infection is spread at apex, root end surgery is required.
Pediatric Dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. This focuses on pediatric/adolescent growth and development, disease causality and prevention, child psychology and management, and all aspects of the highly-specialized Pediatric restorative techniques and modalities. Pediatric dentistry emphasizes the establishment of trust and confidence in children with their dentists. Consequently, one of the main components of pediatric training is child psychology. This manifests itself in special office designs, different communication styles and an emphasis on teaching preventative dental habits to children in an effort to make dental visits enjoyable.
Orthodontics is a Greek word that literally means ‘to straighten teeth’. It is a type of dental treatment that aims to improve the appearance, position and function of crooked or abnormally arranged teeth. Orthodontics uses mechanical devices, such as a brace, over a certain period of time (usually 18 months to two years) to correct the position of the teeth.
Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy
Non-surgical therapy removes plaque and calculus by controlling the growth of harmful bacteria and by treating conditions that encourage gum disease. This type of treatment may be all that’s needed, especially when periodontal disease is caught early. You may also need to have certain procedures, such as replacing worn fillings or crowns with overhanging margins that can accumulate plaque, taken care of before periodontal therapy can begin.
Scaling and Root Planing:
Scaling is a type of cleaning that removes plaque and calculus from the teeth at and slightly below the gum line. Root planing smoothes root surfaces, so the supportive tissues can better reattach to the tooth surface. Often, this will be done with local anesthesia so you can relax and feel nothing as we rehabilitate your gums.
An improper bite or a traumatic occlusion may increase bone destruction attached to such offending teeth. We may either choose to adjust your bite so that your teeth meet properly and function better or construct a custom bite guard or splint- a removable device that fits over upper or lower teeth – to protect teeth surfaces and relax tense jaw muscles.
Whitening is a dental procedure used to effectively restore the natural color of stained, dull, or discolored teeth. Food particles are naturally attracted to a tooth’s enamel by a certain protein. Over time, teeth can become more absorbent and vulnerable to staining from food and other substances. Your teeth’s dentin, the darker tissue of your teeth, can become exposed as the outer layer of enamel is worn away by the effects of aging or consuming substances such as caffeine and tobacco making them even more susceptible to stains. Before starting any teeth whitening program, it is best to understand and explore your options. The two basic kinds of whitening products currently available are bleaching and non-bleaching products. The bleaching products contain peroxide, or carbamide peroxide, and actually bleaches the tooth enamel to make the teeth lighter in appearance. Carbamide peroxide comes in several different concentrations – ten percent, sixteen percent, and twenty-two percent. Peroxide-containing whiteners typically come in a gel and are placed in a mouth guard. Some peroxide based products are used twice a day for two weeks, and others are intended for overnight use for one to two weeks. Although a bleaching kit can be purchased over the counter, it is best to get one from a dentist since your dentist can custom fit the mouth guard helping to ensure that it will fit the teeth precisely. Also, only the home bleaching kits provided by a dentist carries the ADA Seal. Non-bleaching products normally use abrasives or chemicals to remove stains found on the surface of the teeth.